Brown and Hogan discussed in their pieces the concept of a dualism that is created between body and soul.  Brown points out the ironic aspect of Christianity that creates an ” innately antagonistic relationship” between these parts of self. Many religious views, see the embodiment of Jesus as a metaphysical representation of God, which devalues his human body.

Hogan’s essay was extremely powerful in the critical way it analyzes how “white” America has devoid itself of nature. “It is a culture that fears and destroys what it perceives as wild, including its own innerness and physicality.” Considering the concepts that we have discussed such as menstruation and the shame that is associated with it, this quotes reflects the ideas we have accepted as way to distance our bodies from the natural wild world.

Also in these piece Hogan points out the fear that people share in reflecting on the soul and the pain that can result in this examination of oneself. But, I think the dualism that we have created between body and soul as weakened us and the relationship with have with our bodies.  According to Hogan, “They wanted a world of spirit that was apart from, and better than, the body.  They wanted to rise above bodily needs, desires, and all forms of human pain and being.” Unfortunately, it is unreasonable to think that humans can rise above bodily needs and they should instead be acknowledged in order to live a healthy life.

Through both of these pieces, the strength of acknowledging the connection between soul and body that was adopted by struggling groups like the Native Americans and slaves,  appears extremely powerful. Even if religious groups could promote Jesus loving the body and the soul, it could create a better embodied experience for their followers, instead of inducing shame.  I think that if we could start to acknowledge both parts of ourselves in this way, it could create feelings of completeness and power.

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